Electric Bike Maintenance Tips: Checklist And Maintenance Schedule To Make The Most Out Of It

An electric bike is a superb way to travel through congested city streets while saving time and money. Electric bikes have also become a fashion trend in many parts of the world. As a result, having an e-bike these days is rather logical.

However, like traditional bicycles, you must maintain your e-bike to maximize its performance. In order to maintain your eco-friendly, easy-to-ride, and convenient mode of transportation, you should also master electric bike maintenance techniques.

The maintenance of an electric bike includes maintaining the battery and charger, cleaning the bike timely, checking and fixing the brakes, repairing the tires and wheels if need be, and proper lubrication of the drive-train and gear shifting mechanism.

electric bike maintenance

Also, you might need to check and maintain the shock absorbers, the display, and controls. Thus, the e-bike maintenance checklist is usually of two kinds: short-term maintenance and long-term. Last but not least, you also have to check the e-bike app and software and ensure it is updated timely.

So, let’s get started on figuring out how to maintain your electric bike like a pro to obtain the maximum benefit.

E-Bike Maintenance Checklist

Although electric bikes have a close similarity to regular bikes, they have entirely different components. For instance, an electric bike includes a lithium battery, electric charger, motor, and LED control panel, different from regular bicycles.

Therefore, you need to prepare the checklist to maintain your electric bike appropriately. If you prepare the checklist and follow the schedule, it would make your e-bike maintenance easy. However, you need to understand that not all parts of the e-bike need regular or the same level of maintenance. Some parts such as tires, wheels, and gear shifting systems might need regular maintenance. Also, you will need to maintain the charger, battery, and motor once or twice every year.

Things to do when you get your first electric bike

When you get your first electric bike, you need to prepare the e-bike maintenance schedule. Actually, it starts right when you get the e-bike. You need to go through the user manual of the electric bike properly.

It will help you know about the basics of e-bike thoroughly and help you in riding. Also, knowing the different parts of your e-bike properly and following the guideline in the user manual will help you keep the bike in better condition.

As you read the user manual, you will see that it has described all the parts of the e-bike in detail. For instance, it will tell you about the battery, how you need to connect it with an electric outlet, and its usability in different conditions.

ALSO READ: Pros And Cons Of E-Bikes

How long do electric bikes usually last Electric Bike Maintenance Tips: Schedule And Checklist

Also, you will learn the use of the display panel and different gear shifting systems. The e-bike comes with different riding modes such as pedal, pedal assistance, cruise, etc. When you read the e-bike manual, you will know these riding modes better.

Long story short, instead of throwing away the user manual after getting your electric bike, please, do read it. It will help you know the ins and outs of your electric bike and make its maintenance easy.

ALSO READ: What Is A Road Bike, Mechanism Explained

Daily maintenance checklist for e-bikes:

Although it can be tiring at times, you need to check and maintain a few parts of your e-bike daily. It will help the bike remain in the best conditions for an extended period. Also, when you invest a few minutes in inspecting the e-bike daily, it can save you from accidents and collisions.

  • Before riding the e-bike, always check the brakes. The brakes should be tight and responsive. It is even more important when planning a long tour with the e-bike.
  • The tires should be properly inflated. If you perceive that the tire has less pressure, you need to inflate it. It is crucial since e-bikes with less pressure on the tire will lose their efficiency. Also, you will find it hard to maneuver the bike with less pressure on the tires.
  • Next, check the battery and ensure it has enough range to cover your riding distance. For instance, if you have to travel 10 miles, at least 30% of juices should be left in your e-bike battery.
  • Furthermore, check the shift levers and gears. Ensure that these parts are working properly and smoothly. If the gear or drivetrain doesn’t work smoothly, you might find it hard to speed up or down the e-bike.
  • Finally, after your day is over and you are about to store your electric bike, use a clean piece of rag to wipe off the dust and debris from the bike’s frame. It won’t take more than a couple of minutes but will keep your e-bike neat and clean. Also, it will be useful for monthly cleaning of the electric bike.
e-bike maintenance schedule

Weekly maintenance checklist for e-bikes:

During the weekend you might be at home. So, it is the best time to invest a few minutes entirely on your electric bike. Yes, weekly maintenance of your electric bike will further improve its performance. It includes the following ones:

  • Check the tire pressure and wheels closely. Is the tire pressure good enough? Or, do the wheels need any adjustment or tightening?
  • Check the shift lever and chain of the electric bike thoroughly. Sometimes, the chain might have damaged parts that you need to deal with properly. Or else, the performance of the e-bike will drop considerably.
  • Also, check the electric bike battery. We suggest you maintain the battery carefully according to the user manual.
  • If possible, and you have the time, try to wash the frame of your electric bike. If you don’t clean the bike timely, it will eventually start looking ugly. Also, you won’t find the e-bike as attractive as it is when it gets dirty.
  • Finally, check the other components, such as your electric bike’s display panel, switches, and headlights. If these parts need any repairing or fixing, don’t delay it.

CHECKOUT: Electric Bike Laws, Rules And Regulations Explained

Monthly maintenance checklist for e-bikes:

The performance and durability of your electric bike will depend largely on its maintenance. When you maintain your electric bike’s different parts and components timely, it will boost its performance. Also, you will find the riding comfort better.

Thus, once a month, you should follow this checklist and schedule for electric bike maintenance. The steps are:

  • You must clean and wash your entire electric bike once every month. You need to remove the electric bike battery (if it is a removable one) and wash the bike, including its battery, tires, wheels, cranks, and main body.
  • Check the wheel of the bike and its spokes. If it needs any change or fixing, you must complete it ASAP.
  • Never ignore the lubrication of your e-bike. You need to lubricate the shift levers and wheels, interior, and brakes. You must understand that lubrication is necessary to help the e-bike operate smoothly. It also improves your riding comfort.
  • Check the battery and ensure it is performing properly. The performance of your e-bike depends largely on the battery. It should be in optimum condition and deliver the right range.
  • If possible, you should check the motor and ensure it is in good condition. You need to remove the exterior of the e-bike to access the e-bike motor.
  • Always check the e-bike app or software. Is it updated? It is important as an outdated e-bike app can be vulnerable, and you might not use it properly.
e-bike maintenance checklist

Bi-yearly and yearly maintenance tips of electric bikes:

Finally, once every year or six months, you need to maintain every part and component of your electric bike. It includes the following ones:

  • You must maintain the e-bike motor once a year. Although the motor of the electric bikes is built to last, you should ensure that it is running properly. If possible, remove the dust and debris from the motor housing. Also, carefully brush off the debris from the motor.
  • Remove the battery and clean off the battery housing of your e-bike battery. You can use a voltmeter to check the battery capacity and its performance.
  • Take your electric bike to workshops and get a thorough checkup by the mechanic. It will help you know if the e-bike has any major or technical issues. Thus, you can fix it to increase the lifespan and performance of the e-bike superbly.

Maintenance Tips Of Different Components Of Your E-Bike

Now that we know when and which part to check and maintain of your electric bike, it’s time to see the right maintenance steps of these different electric bike components.

Tires And Wheels

You need to check the tire and wheel of your e-bike almost daily. Usually, the tire should have the right pressure to improve your riding comfort and deliver the right mileage of the battery. The bike tire pressure depends on the type of electric bike you have. It includes:

  • The tire pressure of road e-bikes needs to be around 80PSI to 120PSI.
  • If you use a hybrid electric bike, its tire will have 40-70PSI pressure.
  • Mountain e-bikes need the least tire pressure at 25-30PSI.

You can squeeze the tire to know about its pressure. If you can squeeze through the tire, you need to inflate the tires. Also, you can use a PSI gauge to find the exact pressure of the tire and inflate or deflate them accordingly.

Moreover, check the wheel frame and the spokes. If you find any damaged nuts and bolts, you need to fix or replace them. If you don’t repair the wheels’ damaged parts, it will largely reduce its lifespan. Also, it increases the chance of collisions.

ALSO READ: Road Bike Maintenance Schedule And Checklist


Next, you have to focus on the brakes of your electric bikes. The brakes are the most important part of safe driving on the roads. Thus, e-bike brakes should always be responsive and be able to stop right where you press the brakes.

In general, electric bikes will have the following type of brakes:

  1. Mechanical brakes
  2. Hydraulic brakes

The mechanical disc brakes are quite similar to your car’s braking system. However, it is different from the traditional caliper brakes on your bicycles. The bike’s brake lever engages with the brake pads to stop the bike when you pressure the lever.

How do you tune an e Bike Electric Bike Maintenance Tips: Schedule And Checklist

Moreover, unlike conventional bicycles, electric bikes have a switch. You can press it to control the brakes of the bike. Thus, you must ensure that the brake switch works properly and the brake pad and lever are engaged rightly.

Due to overuse, the brake pad might wear off, and it will loosen the braking mechanism. Thus, you need to replace the brake pads. Usually, you need to replace the older brake pads once in six months. Also, with the mechanical brakes, you will see red dials on tires to make micro-adjustments. It uses a rotor and brake pad for the perfect stopping.

Thus, you also need to check the rotor as well. This way, you can ensure that e-bike brakes are working appropriately and are 100% ready to deliver the performance when you need them during emergencies.

Battery And Charger

The battery of your electric bike is one of its most important parts. It will control the mileage and speed of the bike as it supplies the necessary energy to the motor. If you don’t maintain the e-bike battery properly, it will soon lose its optimal performance.

Charging tips for e-bike battery:

You need to follow the right charging procedure for your electric bike battery. More importantly, failing to charge the battery properly will damage it soon. And believe us replacing the e-bike battery is no easy and cheap process.

  • When you first get your e-bike, charge the battery to 100%. In the old days, people would suggest you charge the battery for 10 to 12 hours. But, this is not necessary. You need to charge the battery to its full, and that’s all.
  • During the first few days of riding your electric bike, drain the battery and charge it 100%. It will help the electricity to reach all the cells of the battery. So, it helps the battery to deliver the right performance for an extended time.
  • After the first few days, maintain the e-bike battery charge from 30% to 80%. It helps the battery remain in the best state for the longest period. Once in a week or fifteen days, drain the battery fully and charge it to 100%.
  • If you need to store the e-bike battery for a longer period, charge it to 80% and keep it idle. You should never store the battery for a longer time with a 0% charge.
  • Ensure that the charger and the electric outlet are clean and working properly. You may use a GFCI outlet to ensure the best safety of the charge and the battery. Also, charge the battery at room temperature. Ensure that the battery or the motor of your e-bike isn’t too cold or hot when you start charging it.
  • For removable batteries, you might brush off the battery to wipe off its debris. Also, clean the battery’s housing once in a while to keep it clean.
How do I maintain my e-bike battery

How To Extend The Riding Range Of E-Bike Batteries?

Besides the regular maintenance and proper charging, you might follow these tips to improve the battery range. It will also help the battery remain in better condition.

  • When riding the e-bike, ensure it has at least 50RPM or cadence. It increases the motor and battery efficiency of the electric bike.
  • Always ensure that the tire has the recommended pressure. If the tire has low pressure, it decreases the battery performance and riding comfort considerably.
  • Try not to put too much weight on the e-bike. Electric bikes are made for convenient riding and do not carry huge weights. Thus, you should keep the weight of the e-bike well below its mentioned capacity.

How To properly Clean Your E-Bike?

One of the key maintenance parts of an electric bike is to clean it timely. You need to clean its frames, wheels, tires, battery, and motor housing to keep them neat and clean. But how do I clean electric bikes properly?

For this, you may follow these tips:

  • Don’t use a jet wash to clean off your electric bike. The powerful jet can damage the battery or motor housing. Yes, it can happen, although the battery and motor have a waterproof housing. Also, the jet wash has enough power to damage other seals. Also, wrap the display so that water doesn’t enter into it.
  • If the battery is removable, you must remove it before you start cleaning the e-bike. However, wrap the battery housing with plastic to stop water from entering it. Also, shut off and cool down the bike before you begin to clean it.
  • Use a low-pressure hose, liquid detergent, and a piece of clean cloth to wash the entire electric bike. Brush off any debris from the motor and battery with a soft-bristled brush. Use the brush to clean off the charging port too.
  • You can clean the main body, tires, and wheels of the e-bike just as you will do with traditional bicycles. So, there’s no special instruction for it.
  • When you have finished washing the e-bike components, dry them with a clean cloth. Then, assemble the battery and other parts.

Update the software and app:

These days almost every e-bike has software or app that you can install on your smartphone to control the bike. Although not all of these apps will release regular updates, most manufacturers release regular updates.

Thus, when you get an app or software update for your electric bike, you need to update it soon. If you don’t update the app, it becomes vulnerable to malware and firmware. So, when you get the notification, you should update the e-bike app. It will also increase the safety of your bike from thefts.

Frequently Asked Questions

Like your regular bicycle, the electric bike also needs proper and timely maintenance. You need to maintain the battery, tires, wheels, seats, and motor to help the e-bike deliver its expected performance. It is also essential for your safety on the roads.

No, electric bikes aren’t high maintenance. You can follow our e-bike maintenance schedule to take care of the bike in appropriate condition and extend its lifespan.

Electric bike maintenance has a few essential steps. You need to maintain its tires, wheels, and brakes almost daily. Also, maintain the battery and motor. Lastly, clean the bike thoroughly, following our tips once every month.

You need to service an e-bike at least once every six months. Alternatively, service the e-bike properly for every 1000 miles ride to enjoy the fun and joy while riding. It will also ensure better safety and riding smoothness.

According to their price, electric scooters under $300 have a decent speed. The majority of the $300 electric scooters have a maximum speed of 15 mph and a range of 7 to 15 miles.

Your electric bike motor will easily last for at least 10000 miles. However, the motor lasts 2X more than its expected lifespan with proper maintenance. So, you can easily ride the e-bike for 20000 miles without replacing the motor.

With ease, you may expect the e-bike battery to last for 3 to 5 years. Nonetheless, when you maintain the battery properly following our suggestions, the battery can easily last for more years.

Final Thoughts

Electric bike maintenance isn’t as complex and tough as most e-bike owners think. You need to follow the e-bike maintenance checklist as described, and the maintenance will become easy. The key is to keep the tires, brakes, and wheels in good condition. Also, regular maintenance of electric bikes will enhance your riding safety and joy. Thus, never overlook maintaining your e-bike.

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