Electric Bike Maintenance Tips: Checklist And Maintenance Schedule To Make The Most Out Of It

An electric bike is a superb way to travel through congested city streets while saving time and money. They have also become a fashion trend in many parts of the world. As a result, having an e-bike these days is rather logical.

However, like traditional bicycles, you must maintain your e-bike to maximize its performance. In order to maintain your eco-friendly, easy-to-ride, and convenient mode of transportation, you should also master electric bike maintenance techniques.

The maintenance of an electric bike includes maintaining the battery and charger, cleaning the bike timely, checking and fixing the brakes, repairing the tires and wheels if need be, and proper lubrication of the drive-train and gear shifting mechanism.

electric bike maintenance

Also, you might need to check and fix the shock absorbers, display, and the controller. Thus, the e-bike maintenance checklist is usually of two kinds: short-term maintenance and long-term.

Last but not least, you also have to check the e-bike app or software and ensure it is updated timely.

So, let’s get started on figuring out how to maintain your electric bike like a pro to obtain the maximum benefit.

E-Bike Maintenance Checklist

Although electric bikes have a close similarity to regular bikes, they have entirely different components. For instance, an electric bike includes a lithium battery, charger, motor, and LED control panel.

If you prepare a checklist and follow the schedule, it would make your maintenance task a lot easier. However, keep that in mind that not all parts of an e-bike need regular maintenance. Some parts such as tires, wheels, and gear shifting system might need regular maintenance. Also, you will need to maintain the charger, battery, and motor once or twice every year.

Things to do when you get your first electric bike

When purchasing your first electric bike, you should also take into account your maintenance schedule. Actually, it starts the moment you get your e-bike. You should thoroughly read the electric bike’s user manual.

It will clearly show you how the mechanism works. Understanding the various components and following the instructions provided in the user manual will also aid in maintenance.

As you read the user manual, you will notice that it describes each component of it in great detail. For example, it will inform you about the battery, how to connect it to an electrical outlet, and its suitability under various conditions.

ALSO READ: Pros And Cons Of E-Bikes

Additionally, You’ll then clearly understand how to use the gear shifting mechanism and the display panel. The e-bike comes with different riding modes such as pedal mode, pedal assistance, cruise control, etc. When you read the e-bike manual, you will understand these riding modes better.

Long story short, instead of throwing away the user manual after getting your electric bike, please, do read it.

ALSO READ: What Is A Road Bike, Mechanism Explained

Daily maintenance checklist for e-bikes:

Although it can be tiring at times, you need to check a few parts of your e-bike daily. Also, when you invest a few minutes in inspecting the e-bike daily, it can save you from accidents and collisions.

  • Before riding the e-bike, always check the brakes. The brakes should be tight and responsive. It is even more important when planning a long tour with the e-bike.
  • The tires should be properly inflated. If you perceive that the tire has less pressure, you need to inflate it. It is crucial since e-bikes with less pressure on the tire will lose their efficiency. Also, you will find it hard to maneuver the bike with less pressure on the tires.
  • Next, check the battery and ensure it has enough range to cover your riding distance. For instance, if you have to travel 10 miles, at least 30% of juices should be left in your e-bike battery.
  • Furthermore, check the shift levers and gears. Ensure that these parts are working properly and smoothly. If the gear or drive-train doesn’t work smoothly, you might find it hard to speed up or down the e-bike.
  • Finally, after your day is over and you are about to store your electric bike, use a clean piece of rag to wipe off the dust and debris from the bike’s frame. It won’t take more than a couple of minutes but will keep your e-bike neat and clean. Also, it will be useful for monthly cleaning of the electric bike.
e-bike maintenance schedule

Weekly maintenance checklist for e-bikes:

During the weekend you might be at home. So, it is the best time to invest a few minutes entirely on your electric bike. Yes, weekly maintenance of your electric bike will further improve its performance. It includes the following ones:

  • Check the tire pressure and wheels closely. Is the tire pressure good enough? Or, do the wheels need any adjustment or tightening?
  • Check the shift lever and chain of the electric bike thoroughly. Sometimes, the chain might have damaged parts that you need to deal with properly. Or else, the performance of the e-bike will drop considerably.
  • Also, check the electric bike battery. We suggest you maintain the battery carefully according to the user manual.
  • If possible, and you have the time, try to wash the frame of your electric bike. If you don’t clean the bike timely, it will eventually start looking ugly. Also, you won’t find the e-bike as attractive as it is when it gets dirty.
  • Finally, check the other components, such as your electric bike’s display panel, switches, and headlights. If these parts need any repairing or fixing, don’t delay it.

CHECKOUT: Electric Bike Laws, Rules And Regulations Explained

Monthly maintenance checklist for e-bikes:

When you keep your electric bike’s different parts and components in good condition, it will perform better. You will also notice an improvement in riding comfort.

Thus, once a month, you should follow this checklist and schedule for electric bike maintenance. The steps are:

  • You must clean and wash your entire electric bike once every month. You need to remove the electric bike battery (if it is a removable one) and wash the bike, including its battery, tires, wheels, cranks, and main body.
  • Check the wheel of the bike and its spokes. If it needs any change or fixing, you must complete it ASAP.
  • Never ignore the lubrication of your e-bike. You need to lubricate the shift levers and wheels, interior, and brakes. You must understand that lubrication is necessary to help the e-bike operate smoothly. It also improves your riding comfort.
  • Check the battery and ensure it is performing properly. The performance of your e-bike depends largely on the battery. It should be in optimum condition and deliver the right range.
  • If possible, you should check the motor and ensure it is in good condition. You need to remove the exterior of the e-bike to access the e-bike motor.
  • Always check the e-bike app or software. Is it updated? It is important as an outdated e-bike app can be vulnerable, and you might not use it properly.

CHECKOUT: How To Remove The Speed Limiter On An E-Bike

e-bike maintenance checklist

Bi-yearly and yearly maintenance tips of electric bikes:

Finally, once every year or six months, you need to maintain every part and component of your electric bike. It includes the following ones:

  • You must maintain the e-bike motor once a year. Although the motor of the electric bikes is built to last, you should ensure that it is running properly. If possible, remove the dust and debris from the motor housing. Also, carefully brush off the debris from the motor.
  • Remove the battery and clean off the battery housing of your e-bike battery. You can use a voltmeter to check the battery capacity and its performance.
  • Take your electric bike to workshops and get a thorough checkup by the mechanic. It will help you know if the e-bike has any major or technical issues. Thus, you can fix it to increase the lifespan and performance of the e-bike superbly.

Tips for Maintaining Your E -Bike's Different Components

Now that we know when and which parts of your electric bike to inspect and maintain, let’s look at the appropriate maintenance methods for these various components.

Tires And Wheels

Every day, you must inspect the tires and wheels. Usually, the tire should have the right pressure to improve your riding comfort and deliver the right mileage. Tire pressure on your electric bike is calculated by the model. It includes:

  • The tire pressure of road e-bikes needs to be around 80PSI to 120PSI.
  • If you use a hybrid electric bike, its tire will have 40-70PSI pressure.
  • Mountain e-bikes need the least tire pressure at 25-30PSI.

You can squeeze the tire to know about its pressure. Also, you can use a PSI gauge to find the exact pressure of the tire and inflate or deflate them accordingly.

Moreover, check the wheel frame and the spokes. If you find any damaged nuts and bolts, you need to fix or replace them. If you don’t repair the wheels’ damaged parts, it will largely reduce its lifespan. Also, it increases the chance of collisions.

ALSO READ: Road Bike Maintenance Schedule And Checklist


Following that, you must put emphasis on your electric bike’s brakes. The brakes are the most important part for safe driving on the roads. Thus, e-bike brakes should always be responsive and be able to stop right where you press the brakes.

In general, electric bikes will have the following type of brakes:

  1. Mechanical brakes
  2. Hydraulic brakes

The mechanical disc brakes are quite similar to your car’s braking system. However, it is different from the traditional caliper brakes. When you press the lever, the brake pads gets squeezed and the bike comes to a stop.

Moreover, unlike conventional bicycles, electric bikes have a switch. You can press it to control the brakes. Therefore, you must ensure that the brake switch works properly and the brake pad and lever are engaged rightly.

Due to overuse, the brake pad might wear off, and it will loosen the braking mechanism. Thus, you need to replace the brake pads. Usually, you need to replace the older brake pads once in six months. Also, with the mechanical brakes, you will see red dials on tires to make micro-adjustments. It uses a rotor and brake pad for the perfect stopping.

You should inspect the rotor on a regular basis. This way, you can ensure that the brakes are working properly and are 100% ready to deliver the performance when you need them during emergencies.

Battery And Charger

Your electric bike’s battery is its fuel. It regulates the bike’s mileage and speed while also powering the motor. If you do not preserve the battery, it will quickly lose its optimal performance.

Charging tips for e-bike battery:

You must follow the right charging procedure for your electric bike battery. More importantly, failing to charge the battery properly will damage it soon. And believe us replacing the e-bike battery is no easy and cheap process.

  • When you first get your e-bike, charge the battery to 100%. In the old days, people would suggest you charge the battery for 10 to 12 hours. But, this is not necessary. You need to charge the battery to its full, and that’s all.
  • During the first few days of riding your electric bike, drain the battery and charge it 100%. It will help the electricity to reach all the cells of the battery. So, it helps the battery to deliver the right performance for an extended time.
  • After the first few days, maintain the e-bike battery charge from 30% to 80%. It helps the battery remain in the best state for the longest period. Once in a week or fifteen days, drain the battery fully and charge it to 100%.
  • If you need to store the e-bike battery for a longer period, charge it to 80% and keep it idle. You should never store the battery for a longer time with a 0% charge.
  • Ensure that the charger and the electric outlet are clean and working properly. You may use a GFCI outlet to ensure the best safety of the charge and the battery. Also, charge the battery at room temperature. Ensure that the battery or the motor of your e-bike isn’t too cold or hot when you start charging it.
  • For removable batteries, you might brush off the battery to wipe off its debris. Also, clean the battery’s housing once in a while to keep it clean.
How do I maintain my e-bike battery

How To Extend The Riding Range Of E-Bike Batteries?

Besides the regular maintenance and proper charging, you might follow these tips to improve the battery range. It will also help the battery remain in better condition.

  • When riding the e-bike, ensure it has at least 50RPM or cadence. It increases the motor and battery efficiency of the electric bike.
  • Always ensure that the tire has the recommended pressure. If the tire has low pressure, it decreases the battery performance and riding comfort considerably.
  • Try not to put too much weight on the e-bike. Electric bikes are made for convenient riding and do not carry huge weights. Thus, you should keep the weight of the e-bike well below its mentioned capacity.

CHECKOUT: How To Start An E-Bike Without A Key?

How To properly Clean Your E-Bike?

Cleaning an electric bike on a regular basis is an important part of its maintenance. You need to clean its frames, wheels, tires, battery, and motor housing to keep them neat and clean. But how do I clean electric bikes properly?

For this, you may follow these tips:

  • Don’t use jet wash to clean off your electric bike. The powerful jet can damage the battery or motor housing. Yes, it can happen, although the battery and motor have a waterproof housing. Also, the jet wash has enough power to damage other seals. Also, wrap the display so that water doesn’t enter into it.
  • If the battery is removable, you must remove it before you start cleaning the e-bike. However, wrap the battery housing with plastic to stop water from entering it. Also, shut off and cool down the bike before you begin to clean it.
  • Use a low-pressure hose, liquid detergent, and a piece of clean cloth to wash the entire electric bike. Brush off any debris from the motor and battery with a soft-bristled brush. Use the brush to clean off the charging port too.
  • You can clean the main body, tires, and wheels of the e-bike just as you will do with traditional bicycles. So, there’s no special instruction for it.
  • When you have finished washing the components, dry them with a clean piece of cloth. Then, assemble the battery and other parts.

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Update the software and app:

Almost every e-bike now comes with software or an app that you can install on your smartphone to control the bike. Although not all of these apps will receive regular updates, most of them will.

As a result, whenever you receive an app or software update for your electric bike, you must update it as soon as possible. If the app is not updated, it becomes vulnerable to malware and firmware. As a result, your bike will be less vulnerable to theft.

Frequently Asked Questions

Electric bike, like any other bicycle, requires regular and proper maintenance. To ensure optimum performance, you must maintain the battery, tires, wheels, and motor. It is also critical for your road safety.

No, electric bikes aren’t high maintenance at all. You can use this e-bike maintenance schedule to keep your bike in good condition and extend its lifespan.

Electric bike maintenance has a few essential steps. You need to take a look its tires, wheels, and brakes almost daily. Also, maintain the battery and motor. Lastly, clean the bike thoroughly, following our tips once every month.

You need to service an e-bike at least once every six months. Alternatively, service the e-bike properly for every 1000 miles ride to enjoy the fun and joy while riding. It will also ensure better safety and riding smoothness.

To lubricate the engine, remove the motor cover first. The user manual contains instructions for disassembling the motor housing. Then, you can lubricate the engine. Also, use the recommended lubricant for the best results.

Your electric bike’s motor will easily last for at least 10000 miles. However, the motor lasts 2X more than its expected lifespan with proper maintenance. So, you can easily ride the e-bike for 20000 miles without replacing the motor.

The e-bike battery should last between 3 and 5 years. Nonetheless, when you maintain the battery properly following our suggestions, it can easily last for more years.

Final Thoughts

Electric bike maintenance isn’t as complicated or difficult as most e-bike owners believe. Following the e-bike maintenance checklist as described will make the task simple.

The important thing is to keep the tires, brakes, and wheels in good shape. A regularly maintained e-bike will also ensure your safety.

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